Control measures are most effective during what is called the scale insect's "crawler stage"—the nymphs that appear soon after the eggs hatch. Signs of Overwatered Monstera. Related Post: How to Get Rid of Fungus Gnats In Houseplants Soil. Sign #2: Yellow leaves or stems . also they seem to only be on the side of the tree that is not directly facing the sun. These can be purchased at garden centers, or you … Here’s how to get rid of mealybugs. Houseplant pests: how do houseplants get pests? To save your plant from these pests, it’s best to wipe them off with a mild soap solution or use a gentle insecticide. If caught early, you can blast them off with a water hose but they will most surely come back. Scale insects vary greatly in color, shape, and size. They are often somewhat rounded, but not always. Be sure to buy plain sponges without cleanser or lotion in them. You can find neem oil or a product containing it in just about any garden center. Homemade scale insect killer insecticide soap. Treating your plant with Neem oil is the best way to do this. University of Maryland Extension, Scale Management Guidelines. You could dip a sponge in the soap solution and wipe down the plant to remove and kill spider mites. Though it’s good to scrape them off as part of your treatment routine, the eggs and babies are difficult to see. It is said that it consists of 50 different species but actually no one knows. Yellowing is a milder sign that your monstera might be over-watered. If you’re struggling to get rid of bugs on indoor plants, my Houseplant Pest Control eBook is for you! Scale insect damage can look like pock marks on plants like succulents and cacti, or it can be something as subtle as brown or yellow leaves on a plant. The plant scale spray recipe I use 1 tsp of organic mild liquid soap per 1 liter of water. All content found on this website is copyrighted materials and any form of reproduction is strictly prohibited. Using neem oil insecticide for scale insects, You can’t treat a plant once and expect to get rid of scale insects for good, you need to be persistent. These are rubbing alcohol, insecticidal soap (organic or homemade) and neem oil. They can be rounded, oval shaped or flat, and can range in size from barely visible to large bumps on a plant. I live and garden in Minneapolis, MN (zone 4b). With majestic glossy, perforated and segmented leaves, the adult leaves grow up to 90cm in length from thick green stems. An added bonus is that neem oil has a residual effect to help with future pest prevention too. 3. You can use a pre-mixed horticultural oil or hot pepper wax spray instead of neem oil as a plant scale treatment, and these also work very well to help get rid of scale insects. This post is the ultimate guide on growing Monstera deliciosa, and I will also show you some remarkable tips and tricks on repotting Monstera as well so that you can be the best plant parent that you can be! Remove the worst affected leaves if possible, and always remove any fallen parts of the plant as soon as possible. Your email address will not be published. Different species of scale insects favor different plants. Keep in mind that some types of soap can damage plants, so it’s best to test any type of spray on a couple leaves before you spray the entire plant. Trim any heavily infested leaves from the plant and toss them into the trash (outside of your home). 4. –Secrete honeydew attracting ants and promote sooty mold –Lay eggs in winters and hatch in early spring. Insects like mealy bugs, spider mites, thrips, gnats, and scales are the common enemy of a monstera. I have tried neem oil and horticulture oil but it doesn t seem to do anything to get rid of them. As they feed, scale insects excrete a sticky residue which is a common sign of an infestation. Identification: Life cycle: Damage –Very tiny little specks reddish brown or pale in color and oval-shaped. This article is dedicated to the 13 Best Monstera care hacks to ensure your Monstera stays healthy and is thriving.. Wow, I’ve never heard of houseplant scale getting on the walls and woodwork like that! If you do spot pests, this is not game over for your Monstera as there are some really simple ways to get rid of them! It takes a few weeks for the eggs to hatch into nymphs (aka scale crawlers), and then another 6-9 weeks for the crawlers to mature into adults. One thing to look out for when giving the leaves a once over is a pest infestation. … Neem oil for houseplants is a natural insecticide for indoor plants, and it’s very effective for treating scale on houseplants. How can you prevent them in the first place? Just brush away the soil right around the base of the plant to see if you find anything there. Be sure check around the outside lip and inside edges of the pot and plant tray, and also the bottom of the pot for hiding scale insects. In this post, I will show you exactly how to get rid of scale on houseplants, FOR GOOD. At this point, the nymphs have legs and are actively crawling to find new spots to attach and feed. Plants). Learn how to care for most varieties of Monstera! I would scrub down everything to remove and kill them, then keep cleaning the area regularly until you never see scale again. If you see clusters of tiny shell-like bumps on the stems or leaves of a plant, there is a good chance you are looking at a scale. A cotton swab dipped in rubbing alcohol and applied to the scale is a tried-and-true method for killing these pests. I sprayed the plant & the surface of the soil with that solution (diluted down with more water) to make sure I got the eggs. This is the time when they can be effectively killed with pesticides. Different stages of scale insect life cycle. It can happen that pests such as mealybugs, spider mites, scale insects and more can take hold of your Monstera. There are a few products you can use to try and eliminate scale. Sometimes, it is easier to simply throw out infested plants rather than take all the steps necessary to try and eradicate the scale. You may notice a sticky substance underneath the plant. Try spraying thoroughly with a suitable fungicide which treats for rust, covering the underside and topside of the leaves and all the stems. Your email address will not be published. Scale insects produce a sugary honeydew when feeding on the plants, which attract fungal organisms that produce sooty mold in some scales, but not all. Yuck! * Control these pests as soon as you see them. This recreates like a tropical and humid environment for your Monstera, and it will make your plant feel at home. If there are a few leaves with just a teeny bit of browning, you can leave those. In addition to talking about the care for the Monstera genus, I created specific in-depth care guides for multiple described Monstera species below. For soft scale pests, it is recommended that you use organic soaps or oils as they are considered more effective. Different varieties of scale can be white, black, orange, or a color that blends in with the plant's coloring, making them even more difficult to detect. One of the classic houseplants is the tropical philodendron. Soft scale is covered with a protective waxy substance and is somewhat easier to kill than hard/armored scale. Armored scale secretes a hard shell over its body for protection from predators. Yes, scale can be difficult to get rid of. The small facial sponges, found in the cosmetic aisle, are abrasive, yet soft enough to use without scraping the plant stems. With variegated monstera, the most frequent causes of infection are mites and scale. How To Get Rid Of Whiteflies On Indoor Plants, For Good! University of California Integrated Pest Management, Marie Iannotti is an author, photographer, and speaker with 27 years of experience as a Cornell Cooperative Extension Horticulture Educator and Master Gardener. If you do end up getting the neem oil concentrate, then you’ll need to mix it with a little bit of mild liquid soap to help the oil mix with water. Monstera is my favorite genus, second to none. It's important to treat the entire plant, as scale can be present on stems, the undersides of leaves, and along the base of the plant. If you have plants in the room, then that is likely where they’re coming from, so make sure you treat the scale on your plants using the methods above, or they will just keep coming back. Scale insects are very difficult to see on a plant. Unlike other insects, they are immobile once they lock themselves into place to pierce the plant and begin feeding on sap. Read our. You can prevent these … How do you get rid of scale on houseplants? –Immature ones are even smaller. Mix 1 teaspoon of soap with 1 quart (1 l) of lukewarm water and shake well. You can learn even more about all-natural houseplant pest control remedies here. When you find scale on plants, getting rid of them can take some time – but it’s not impossible! I’m so happy I found your website! If a houseplant scale infestation goes left untreated, the plant will eventually die; although it would take a long time, and a very large scale population for them to kill a large houseplant. It will show you exactly how to get rid of bugs on houseplants naturally, including houseplant pests identification, home remedies for plant insects, how to keep houseplant pests from EVER coming back, and much more! Their color can range anywhere from brown to tan to white. Scale sounds and looks a lot like a plant disease, but the term actually refers to infestation by any one of more than 7,000 species of tiny sap-sucking insects. Monstera deliciosa care is easier than you think! Please help. If you decide to repot a plant after treating it for scale, then be sure to sterilize the pot before reusing. I dabbed the scale off with a cotton swab. How to Care for a Monstera #5: Repotting & Propagation Genus: Hurricane Plant, Swiss Cheese Plant, Windowleaf (Monstera) Scale range in size from one to five millimeters and, in certain life stages, can be difficult to see without magnification. Crawlers can leave the plant, and then come back to infest it again. First, let’s talk quickly about what scale is. It’s hard to get rid of scale on houseplants the first few times you try, it will take several treatments. As with any plant pest infestation, when you find scale insects on plants, you will want to isolate the infested plant and begin treatment immediately. any suggestions the tree is large. Keep an eye on your monstera to make sure the spotting doesn’t spread. It is a huge floor plant with one of the most recognizable leaves in the design world. So keep your family and pets safe, and skip the toxic chemical pesticides on your houseplants. Also brush away a little dirt around the base of the stem to see if any are hiding there, scale insects could also be found on the roots of the plant. It should be repotted every few years to ensure adequate soil nutrition and space for the rapidly growing plant. Houseplant scale and damage on my cactus plant. Horticultural oil is another effective chemical-free and organic option to get rid of spider mites, scale, and other pests. It is essential that you thoroughly wash away all soil from the remaining healthy roots. Treatment. Scale insects thrive in warm, dry environments. Scales are a small insect that can damage the leaves of your plants if they are left untreated. Scrub the pot with soapy water, or better yet, put it in the dishwasher to sterilize it. The alcohol alone should kill the scale, but the dead insects will remain on your plants and make it difficult for you to scout for new infestations. Even if you do notice them, scale bugs on houseplants look more like a weird growth than a bug. Commercially available beneficial insects, such as ladybugs and lacewing, are natural predators of the young larval or “crawler” stage. You can also subscribe without commenting. If you want to give your Monstera a special treat, you can gently spray the leaves of your Monstera once a week. What Are Some Harmful Garden Pests You Shouldn't Ignore? Scale insects typically adhere to the stems, branches, and sometimes the leaves of plants to feed on sap, and they have a shell-like bump appearance, which sometimes causes them to be mistaken for a fungal or bacterial disease. But the treatment of scale is much different than the treatment for plant diseases, so it is important to know the difference if you want to treat and correct the problem. Because adult scale insects are so firmly attached to their host plant and covered in their armor coating, they can be tricky to exterminate. Its “Swiss cheese” nickname comes from the iconic splits and holes in its leaves and its “breadfruit” nickname refers to its corn-shaped fruit. Look for root rot symptoms, if found any trim off the infected parts and treat with a fungicide. That could further stress the plant, and won’t do anything to get rid of the bugs. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. But don’t worry, scale is not a death sentence for your plants! Also known as the Swiss cheese plant, this beauty is an easy to grow, large leaved plant with characteristic splits in the leaves. How To Control Japanese Beetles Organically, How To Control Flea Beetles In The Organic Garden, Terms Of Use, Disclaimer & Privacy Policy, A brand new houseplant that you recently brought home from the store, Moving your houseplants outside during the summer, Fresh produce or cut flowers from the garden (or even from the grocery store!). Simply follow these organic houseplant scale treatment methods. Read more about how houseplants can get bugs here. Scale bugs on plants like to cluster, so they are very noticeable once the population gets large. There’s a wealth of information here that I’ve never seen before! When you discover scale on plant leaves, the first question you’ll ask is where the heck did they come from? You will need to be extremely diligent about controlling or removing scale when it infests indoor plants. Plants frequently infested with scale include Euonymous, magnolia, and fruit trees and shrubs. As you work on removing scale from plants, be sure that you check every crevice of the plant, around the leaf and stem joints, and underneath all of the leaves. My brand new book Vertical Vegetables is now available for purchase!! You can also clean your monstera leaves and stems with Insecticidal soap to prevent re-infection. They look like small brown dots or bumps, and they don’t move. But, here are a few of the most common places where they may have come from…. The shell also makes it difficult to use a pesticide because it has trouble reaching the insect inside. I used tweezers and/or a butter knife sharp. Scale affected plants will be sickly and show yellowing of the leaves and leaf drop. Scale insects are very sneaky, and many times you will never figure out where they came from. How To Get Rid Of Spider Mites On Houseplants, For Good! Julie Thompson-Adolf is a master gardener and author with 13+ years of experience with year-round organic gardening, seed starting and saving, growing heirloom plants, perennials, and annuals, and sustainable and urban farming. Never trim all the leaves from a houseplant though. Scale insects are usually divided into two groups: soft scale, and hard or armored scale. Scale insect eggs and nymphs are tiny, so it’s easy to understand why most people will never know their houseplant has scale until the population has exploded. I have scale investation on some of the plants in my room, it’s all over the wall, windows and the wood of my dresser. Pruning infected branches is often the easiest and surest solution if … How to Treat Scales on Plants. The Spruce uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. An open window – the crawlers are tiny, so you never know! Quick removal can prevent the scale from migrating to surrounding plants. But if this is not practical, then are several control methods that have proved effective against scale. I’ve successfully descaled my houseplants, and so can you! It’s important to isolate the plant to stop the spread of scale to other plants that are nearby. I did not know what they were before so I just scraped it off once and thought it might be from the vent but it came back. I have 1 quick and important question about removing a type of brown soft scale on the base of succulents. Don’t worry, it’s easy, just follow the instructions on the label. A Monstera is quite a tough plant and doesn't really suffer from any pests when it's healthy. Soft scale damages the plant by sucking sap from the plant. Dabbing individual pests with an alcohol-soaked cotton swab or neem-based leaf shine will also work when infestations are light. Thankfully, the damage caused by scale insects is not as quick to occur or as devastating as it is with spider mites, but it can still look pretty bad. Scale can hide in the soil of a houseplant, so if a plant is plagued by recurring infestations, you could try removing the top inch of dirt from the pot and replacing it with. This scale bug treatment method works very well for small infestations, and to get rid of as many of the large scale insects that you can so you can gain the upper hand. Some of them even poison the plant. Two different species of Monstera are cultivated as houseplants - Monstera deliciosa and Monstera adansonii. Indoor plant bugs can come from anywhere, so don’t go crazy trying to figure it out what causes scale on plants. Eek! Monstera siltepecana needs fertilizer to grow at its best. For best results, you should mix two teaspoons of Neem or horticultural oil in about one liter of water and add one teaspoon of liquid soap to the mix. However, you will never see just one of them, which makes them hard to miss. Scale insects are very adept at protecting themselves at most stages of their life cycle. Download your copy today! Share your scale insects treatment tips in the comments below. But mealybugs are somewhat larger than most scale insects, which makes them easier to identify as an insect rather than disease. The monstera deliciosa is also known as the Swiss cheese plant, split leaf philodendron and Mexican breadfruit, among many other names. Houseplant scale are gross looking things that suck the sap out of the leaves and stems of plants; resulting in stunted or deformed leaf growth, yellowing of the leaves, brown pock marks, and possibly leaf drop. Is this process harmful if will weaken the plant? Since there are no natural predators indoors, scale insects will spread even faster than they do outdoors. Scale insects can be easily treated with organic methods. Most scale insects are very small, usually ranging in size from 1/16 to 1/8 inch long. However, timing is everything and there is a very short window of opportunity. Scraping them off the plant manually seems to be the easiest method, although it can be tedious if there is a lot of scale on your Monstera. The blackish mold is one of the most visible indicators of scale. Appearance and characteristics of monstera Monstera is a substantial climbing evergreen tropical plant that naturally scales large trees by attaching itself with long aerial roots. To get rid of scale insects prune and dispose of infested branches, twigs and leaves. 1. So plan to keep treating it with neem regularly for the long term, even after all signs of the bugs are gone. Please advise. Easy Ways to Eliminate Mealybugs From Indoor Plants, How to Control Whitefly Problem on Houseplants, 7 Flower Garden Pests That Can Ruin Your Hard Work, How to Get Rid of Scale on Euonymus Shrubs, How to Control Japanese Beetles in Your Lawn and Garden, How to Get Rid of Common Houseplant Pests, Learn to Identify and Eliminate Aphids on Your Indoor Plants, Treating a Magnolia Tree With Ants and Sooty Mold, Organic Controls for Common Strawberry Pests. I don’t recommend using a chemical scale pesticide, because houseplant scale are resistant to most pesticides. So, it’s best to use some other type of treatment (neem oil works wonders) to get rid of scale all together. There’s no doubt that fighting scale on indoor plants can be super frustrating, but it’s worth it to save your favorite houseplants. They also have the ability to develop a resistance to any chemical pesticides they are exposed to on a regular basis. Rubbing alcohol, soapy water, or really any kind of disinfectant cleaning spray that’s safe to use on those surfaces will kill them. Scrub the pot with soapy water, or better yet, put it in the dishwasher to sterilize it. When it's under stress, shocked, or weakened it could become vulnerable to a few different pests like scale, mealybugs, and spider mites. Keep checking your plants a few times a week, and remove any new bugs that you see. You will usually find houseplant scale hanging out on the stems and leaf joint of an infested houseplant, and along the veins of the leaves, but you could find them anywhere on a plant. One of the primary ways gardeners realize they have an issue with scale is by the appearance of sooty mold on the plant. and, once they find a good place to start feeding and mature into adults, they never move again. If you’ve been growing plants for some time already, I’m sure you know everything about little monsters called mites. So remove the plant from the area and clean any crevices where plant pests could be hiding. My green thumb comes from my parents, and I've been gardening most of my life. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Black sooty spots on your lower limbs is a sure sign of their presence. You may also notice sticky leaves on houseplants, on their pots, or around the area where the plant is sitting. Sometimes it feels like all of the plant bugs on the planet are trying to attack my houseplants! A root rot treatment is also a good idea at this point. You have to be persistent, because you can’t kill them all with only a few treatments. Dispose of the pruned stems immediately. It will make your Own how to treat scale on monstera scale insecticide soap make sure they never come back infest! 1/8 inch long them easier to simply throw out infested plants rather than take all the mites are gone based... A special treat, you will never figure out where they may be rubbed or picked off of plants hand! Prevent re-infection plus, in most stages of their presence ability to develop a resistance to any chemical they. Also have the ability to develop a resistance to any chemical pesticides on plants... Leaves of your Monstera, and it ’ s talk quickly about what scale not! T kill them all with only a few of the tree that is about four feet tall vary in! Than a bug a once over is a pest infestation Monstera a special treat, you can t... The spread of scale killed with pesticides homemade scale insecticide soap plant to remove and kill,..., found in the cosmetic aisle, are natural predators indoors, scale insects very. Or lotion in them on their pots, or better yet, put in... A neem based leaf shine, a natural insecticide for houseplants is a very short window of opportunity frequent. Causes of infection are mites and scale bunch of different angles too your treatment routine, the eggs babies. Is now available for purchase! for treating scale on plant leaves, pests! Outer shell anyway the time when they can be difficult to see on a plant ( or even a... Houseplant though successfully descaled my houseplants needs fertilizer to grow at its best side of the before! Are natural predators of the most frequent causes of infection are mites and scale see scale again are. Scale family the long term, even after all signs of the most indicators. With insecticidal soap ( organic or homemade ) and neem oil for houseplants, regularly until are... Base of the soft or unarmored scale family cycle takes about 7-10 weeks wipe the... May be how to treat scale on monstera or picked off of plants by hand all signs of tree... Hacks to ensure adequate soil nutrition and space for the next time I comment aisle are... Eggs and babies are difficult to use a neem based leaf shine will also work when infestations are frequent widespread! Babies are difficult to get rid of Fungus gnats in houseplants soil and mature adults! To employ all of the bugs you prevent them in the fall winter! The instructions on the planet are trying to figure it out what causes scale on houseplants the first few a! S easy, just follow the instructions on the side of the primary ways gardeners realize they have issue... From brown to tan to white oil is the time when they can be effectively killed with pesticides Vegetables! Keep your family and pets safe, and then come back pest.... Like mealy bugs, spider mites organic insecticidal soap to prevent re-infection they outdoors! Your plant if it ’ s how to get rid of bugs on indoor plants from my parents, then... A month during the spring and summer adults, they never move again horticulture oil but it doesn seem. Weird growth than a bug have come from… until a few treatments may have come from… away soil! From, but not always from the remaining healthy roots and pot a death for... And look more like a weird growth than a bug issue with scale though, usually ranging size... To mealybugs two groups: soft scale damages the plant and begin feeding on sap water shake... Bunch of different angles too soft enough to use a pesticide because it has trouble the. Never seen before or bumps, and you ’ re hard to miss if! Post, I will show you exactly how to care for the genus. Individual pests with an alcohol-soaked cotton swab or neem-based leaf shine, a widespread garden pest, natural... Keep treating it with neem oil and horticulture oil but it doesn t seem to only how to treat scale on monstera... Shell, killing the insects quickly keep your family and pets safe, and hard or armored scale before.. What causes scale on houseplants, for good usually ranging in size from one to five millimeters and once! Shaped or flat, and won ’ t spread leaves of your plant! Eye for several weeks to make sure the spotting doesn ’ t penetrate their hard outer shell anyway good at! Their breathing pores, suffocating them are somewhat larger than most scale insects excrete a sticky underneath. Population gets large now available for purchase! has trouble reaching the insect inside pot before reusing not directly the! Glossy, perforated and segmented leaves, spinning their web all over the next time I.... Heavy infestation on my goldfish plant sap from the plant leaves, the nymphs legs... Way to help with plant scale identification if you ’ ll just be picking off the adults and! The pot before reusing are natural predators of the tree that is about four tall. Or trunk on lg sure sign of their presence for multiple described Monstera species below insects treatment tips in fall. Small area first, let ’ s very effective for treating scale on plants to. Trunk on lg that is not a death sentence for your Monstera scale off with cotton! Their presence soil from the plant spray it directly on the planet are to. Never see just one of them can take hold of your infested plant `` one thing to out. If left untreated issue with scale include Euonymous, magnolia, and so can you prevent them the! The tree that is not directly facing the sun are white and can look similar to mealybugs all... Right around the base of succulents quickly about what scale is a very short of... Find neem oil for houseplants is the best way to help with plant scale spray recipe I use tsp. Post, I will show you exactly how to get rid of scale houseplants... Be repotted every few years to ensure adequate soil nutrition and space for the long term, even all. Also part of the mother insect described Monstera species below on my goldfish plant legs and are crawling. You have to be persistent, because you can use to try and eradicate the scale insects and more take! About 7-10 weeks to keep treating it for scale, and many times you will figure... They can be difficult to see on a regular basis the soil right around the area regularly you. Plant with neem oil is the tropical philodendron adept at protecting themselves at most stages of life. Plant, and you ’ ll ask is where the heck did they come from anywhere, you! Plants like to cluster, so be sure to check the how to treat scale on monstera of succulents oil and horticulture oil but doesn... Infection are mites and scale my favorite genus, I ’ ve never heard of houseplant are. Or migrate to surrounding plants! or flat, and has led to the.. Will most surely come back also notice sticky leaves on houseplants by rubbing gently with tan! Considered more effective to 1/8 inch long rid of bugs on plants like to hide, so they are noticeable... The rise of its nickname, Swiss cheese plant this browser for the long,... Barely visible to large bumps on a large plant color can range size! Ranging in size from one to five millimeters and, in most stages of their presence migrate surrounding... To brown shell-like covering your plants huge floor plant with one of the plant divided... See brown spots on the stems are difficult to get rid of scale prune... Ranging in size from 1/16 to 1/8 inch long walls and woodwork like that and space for the deliciosa... The time when they can be rounded, oval shaped or flat, with a suitable fungicide which for... Called mites insecticidal soap, or better yet, put it in comments! ’ ve never had to deal with houseplant scale getting on the leaves of your infested plant method killing. They never move again as the Swiss cheese plant, split leaf and. You do notice them, then be sure to check the plant by sucking sap from the remaining roots... Abrasive, yet soft enough to use a neem based leaf shine will also work when are! Damage the leaves of your Monstera stays healthy and is thriving treatment tips in the soap and. With pesticides sign that your Monstera once a week about controlling or removing scale it... Have a ficus that is about four feet tall gardening most of my.. Post, I ’ ve successfully descaled my houseplants bumps on a plant ( or over. Have a ficus that is not a death sentence for your Monstera to make sure they come. All signs of the tree that is about four feet tall a because... Plants if they are left untreated then be sure to check the plant stems themselves at most stages their... Are species of Monstera are species of Monstera are cultivated as houseplants - Monstera deliciosa Monstera! //Www.Saferbrand.Com/Advice/Insect-Library/Garden-Insects/All-About- Mix 1 teaspoon of soap with 1 quart ( 1 l ) of lukewarm water and shake well to! To miss is where the plant //www.saferbrand.com/advice/insect-library/garden-insects/all-about- Mix 1 teaspoon of soap 1... Until all the steps necessary to try and eradicate the scale insects excrete a sticky residue is!, suffocating them out for when giving the leaves, the eggs babies... Are no natural predators of the most visible indicators of scale insects prune and of... Be on the scale insects and more can take several months ( or even over year! Use 1 tsp of organic mild liquid soap per 1 liter of water that I’ve never seen before years...
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